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Your Guide to Understanding Baler Parts

Are you planning on getting a baler for your company or manufacturing plant? Do you need to update or upgrade your baler, so that it can keep up with your waste production? If you’re looking for a quick guide on baler parts, this is the place to go.

If you own an industrial business or factory, waste management is a crucial part of it. In 2018, 38.1% of waste got recycled in the EU-27. A similar proportion (38.7%) of waste got landfilled at that same time.

Balers are some main machines used in managing industrial wastes. However, given that there are different uses for balers, they also use various parts. Below, we’ll discuss the different baler parts you need to know.

What Is a Baler?

Balers are machines that help your business or factory in recycling. Balers first collect a recyclable material or commodity. Next, they flatten or compress the material into the desired bale size and tie it off with a wire.

The recyclable commodities that you can place inside a baler include materials like:

  • Sawdust
  • Paper products
  • Cardboard
  • Shrinkwrap
  • Tires
  • Aluminum
  • Plastic and many more

You can send the baled materials to a recycling centre or sell them for extra revenue. You can also recycle the materials collected in your business if you have the machines and tools for it.

Balers come in different types. You can find vertical, horizontal, and custom-fitted balers. Often, the type of baler used in a fabrication firm or factory will differ depending on its needs.

Baler parts
Plastic recycling press


As you can guess, there are some unique baler parts that specific types of balers use. Below, we talk more about the different baler parts and how they fit into the baler recycling process.

We also included some tips on the maintenance of these parts and equipment for safe use.

Considering the expected recycling surge that’s coming to Europe, understanding these parts can help you later.

Conveyor Belts and Chains

Before the waste material can reach your baler, they go on conveyor belts. Balers use an in-feed conveyor belt, which delivers the materials into the chamber. Sometimes, employees must stand by these belts to manually sort the materials first.

Depending on what you’re feeding into the baler, the belts need to handle huge and heavy loads. When you’re inspecting a rubber belt, cross-chain belt, or other parts, look for signs of wear and tension.

Don’t forget to check belt seals and replace sprockets if you’re also replacing chains.

When you’re operating a baler, keep in mind that preventative maintenance is the secret to safety.

Conveyor belt


Feeders are the “mouth.” They contain the “teeth” of the machine. Depending on the type of baler, they may crush, shred, or tear the materials that enter them.

Like how you oil belts and other components, you also need to maintain the feeders of your baler. When doing maintenance checks, make sure that the guards of the feeders are intact. If you find damaged tines or bent stripper plates, replace them right away.

Hydraulic Components

Balers often contain various hydraulic parts that give the machine impressive crushing power. These are the parts that make it possible for you to get bale-shaped outputs. This part of the baler contains components that help create the machine’s crush action.

If you need to do baler repairs, hydraulic components are the parts that often need to get replaced.

Given how much power they give out on each day of operation, they get worn down fast. The hydraulic part of the baler is also the part of the machine that does the most work.

When you check the hydraulic parts of your baler, pay attention to the hoses and fittings. These parts wear down faster than other components. However, sometimes you only need to tighten loosening components to restore crushing action.

Hydraulic Cylinder

The hydraulic cylinder is another key component of the baler. This is the main part that creates the crushing power of the machine. It’s also one of the main components to check if you’re in the market and choosing the best baler.

Among the different baler parts, the hydraulic cylinder is one of the most durable and long-lasting. Yet, it’s also one of the most difficult parts to replace and repair. To replace it, you’d have to remove the cylinder, and doing this takes a long while.

Next, you’d have to get the replacement cylinder custom-made and shipped out to you. If you’re getting a baler, get a spare hydraulic chamber. This way, you can avoid the lengthy waiting process.

Baler manufacturers will also provide the estimated lifespan of the various baler parts. They often give the most attention to the hydraulic chamber’s lifespan. The reason is that replacing it can be expensive and time-consuming.

Pick-up Attachments for Hay Balers

If you’re looking for parts used for hay balers, these forage materials are what you need. You’ll spend less manual labour on gathering these scattered materials and putting them on the baler. Using these baler parts created for picking up waste saves time and labour.

An example of a pick-up attachment is the gathering wheel. You side-mount and spring-load these wheels on your baler. They pick up wind-scattered windrows, making it easier for you to find and gather them.

Another example is corn cob filler plates. These plates help enhance the reliability of the tooth and rotor tine for your baler. This lessens the chances of getting a corn cob stuck in the pickup strippers of your baler.

Understanding More About Balers and Baler Parts

We hope you now have a better understanding of baler parts and their main functions. Now, when you upgrade your baler, you know what parts to look for. We hope you also now know why some balers need specific baler parts and others don’t.

Are you looking to buy a baler, baler parts, conveyor belts, or other similar products? ANIS is a leading company in installing and producing balers, conveyors, and more.

Contact us today to learn more about your needs for balers, compactors, and many more.